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Thursday, July 15, 2010

Spatial Technologies to Counter Terror

Hi All:

Please read one of my article posted in "Geospatial Today" July 2010 issue. (Page no. 38 – 39)

Thank you.


Sunday, August 23, 2009

Imagining : National Land Records Modernization Programme (NLRMP) & National Unique Identification (UID) Together

National Land Records Modernization Programme (NLRMP) : The main objective of the NLRMP is to develop a modern, comprehensive and transparent land records management system in the country with the aim to implement the conclusive land-titling system with title guarantee.

Hence the major components of the programme are :

- Computerization of all land records including mutations, digitization of maps and integration of textual and spatial data.

- Survey/re-survey and updation of all survey and settlement records including creation of original cadastral records wherever necessary.

- Computerization of registration and its integration with the land records maintenance system.

- Development of core Geospatial Information System (GIS) and capacity building.

The NLRMP was approved by the Cabinet on a year back on 21st August 2008. It has been proposed to cover the entire country by the 12th Plan period.

The entire NLRMP project is estimated to be in the range of around Rs 5700 Cr.

1. Computerization of land records (Approx – Rs 500 Cr)
[Data entry/re-entry/data conversion, Digitization of Cadastral maps, Tehsil, sub-division and district Data Centres, State Level Data Centres (SLDC), Inter-connectivity among revenue Offices ]

2. Survey/resurvey and updating of survey & settlement records (including ground control network and ground truthing) : Approx. Rs.3,200 crore

3. Computerization of registration (Apprpx – Rs 475 Cr)

4. Modern records rooms/land records management centres (Approx. Rs.1,220 crore).

5. Training and capacity building (Approx. Rs 65 Cr).

6. Village Index base maps from satellite imagery for creating the Core GIS (Approx. Rs 200 Cr).

National Unique Identification (UID) : UID Authority of India is set up under the aegis of the Planning Commission aimed at providing a unique identity to the targeted population of the flagship schemes to ensure that the benefits reach them.
The project, which would cover even children, is aimed at establishing citizenship, reducing identity related frauds, addressing security issues and preventing leakages in different government schemes.

Eliminating duplication under various schemes is expected to save the exchequer upwards of Rs. 20,000 crores a year.

UID as Single window can be linked to other major data bases such as Financial (Banking, Insurance Services), Education (Admission in school, colleges, hostels), Agriculture, Travel, SC/ST/OBC Data Base, Ex- Service men, Disability, older age pension, freedom fighter, Gender Issues, Health Medical Services, Registration of Land, Property, Shares etc.

The entire ID card project is estimated to be in the range of around Rs 10,000 crore, with the first phase which will cover ultra urban, urban, and semi-urban populations offering a Rs 6,500 crore business opportunity. The Government had earmarked Rs 100 crore in the interim Budget presented by Union Finance Minister in Parliament on February 16 2009 to kickstart its ambitious Unique Identification Project.

Both of this project will create at least a 120,000 additional jobs in the country in the next three years as well as definitely help the country in E- Governance.

When the Location Technology is overpowering every sector, Can we think in bringing NLRMP & UID Together?

  • Will it aid in E-Governance and be able to serve the real purpose / motive behind UID. ?
  • Will duplication under various schemes be eliminated and
  • finally track that 1 Rupee sent from Central Government is reaching to the people it was meant for.

(The Famous quote from Our Former Prime Minister Late Shri Rajiv Gandhi "1 Rupee sent from Centre reaches to common man as 15 Paisa").

Thank you.
Sushanta Kabi

Note : If you are looking for a detailed copy of it, please send a request to me.

Wednesday, October 29, 2008


Just a week back, Two persons were killed and 12 others are injured when a portion of an under construction bridge (a span of 400 ton) collapsed and fell on passing vehicle. Of the 12 injured, a man lost a leg while both legs of another one had to be amputated.

Road mishaps have increased significantly in India since last few years. Road accidents in India claimed 130 thousand lives putting china behind in 2007. China is used to be ahead of us till 2 years ago. This is an alarming situation as we top the global list.

Roadway Transport and Highways secretary, Government of India mentioned that majority of the crashes are of “HIT & RUN” cases mostly occurred in major roads.

A study shows that there is a direct link between the increase in speed and fatal mishaps. Every 10% rise in speed results in 40 % rise in personal injury, 30% rise in fatal accidents and 20% rise in all accidents. Pedestrians will survive if they will be hit by a vehicle at less that 30KMPH but death becomes certain if the speed exceeds 50KMPH.

To overcome this, the government has decided to constitute a national and state level safety boards. The board will comprise of experts on road design, vehicle safety and health personal as members. The primary function of the board will be to ensure safety norms are followed by all stakeholders (road builders, maintenance agencies, vehicle manufacturers etc). Government also initiate talks with vehicle manufactures to introduce more sophisticated safety gadgets as implemented in western countries.

This would not be enough to ensure the significant decrease in accident numbers unless we analyze the Grass root information. Improved safety should be the ultimate goal of the government.

If a Vehicle runs over it, takes a turn on it or crash into it, there is a need of DOTs to map it. Across the country all most every DOTs are busy in capturing the roadway infrastructure data and getting ready their geospatial data layers. Even if many DOTs are taking GIS data into the field to update their old data to make their inventories more accurate.

Unfortunately, these data are only limited to transportation assets (road segments from intersection to intersection with names, function class, type… and traffic signs, guardrail etc.). Few DOTs are also using shortest route algorithm within in their GIS application.

To lower down in the Global List for Fatal Road accidents and improving road safety, a high level GIS & Mapping initiative at Government of India is needed:

  • A Nationwide transportation data model
  • Mapping the Roadway Infrastructure
  • Addressing / Geo-coding
  • Dynamic Segmentation
  • Routing / Driving Directions
  • Highways Monitoring System and Safety Program
  • Real Time System Management (traffic, Congestion, Weather, Accidents etc.)

Thank you.
Sushanta Kabi

Wednesday, October 15, 2008


Thanks to the every one for their comments and suggestions on my very first article on “TATA NANO – A BIG NO NO!!”

One of the reader asked few questions to me on this article. These are as follows:
  • What are the chances of NANO’s rolling out from Singur?? If not, Singur what will be the next destinations for the TATA’s.
  • Will other state governments will be able to provide them the acres of land TATA’s looking for (with their red carpet welcome)? How they ensure of no agitation at their proposed sites? Are these lands are industry specific??
  • He raised a big question on “WHAT TATA’s should do now” ?

[He also correctly pointed to the statement of Mr. Lakshmi Mittal, Chairman, Acrelor Mittal. “Situation like Singur can happen anywhere”. Yes we have the examples of troubled mega venture projects like POSCO, Arcelor-Mittal, TATA Steel, Essar, Jindals’ Steel project, Bauxite mining project of Vedanta, SEZs of Reliance, and Videocon etc.
(Just to mention) At stake are over 20 mega projects across India with proposed investments of over Rs 233K crore which is about 3 times the total FDI India received last year. ]

We have seen Mr. Ravi Kant (MD, TATA Motors) was on his heels with his team and meeting various state government officials as well as visiting the proposed site for more than a period of fortnight.

This gave enough indication to West Bengal Government to smell the exit of Tata Nano from Singur. The Chief Minister of the state wrote his last hope with the letter to Mr. Ratan Tata to start the work at Singur. Mr. Ratan firmly replied to his letter by saying him” he will meet him next week”.

Finally the day came on October 3rd when Ratan Tata announced the pull out of Nano from Singur. Ratan Tata's decision sent shockwaves across the state and among the farmers, who given away the land and having lost prospects of jobs.

With this announcement, other State governments really worked hard to woo TATAs to bring Nano project to their state. This time TATAs looked careful, vigilant to make their site selection free from hazards.

Just Few days after on October 8th, a visibily relaxed Mr. Ratan Tata announced the relocation of Tata Nano project to Sanand, Gujarat (35 Kilometers from Ahmadabad). Mr. Ratan praised Gujarat Chief Minister for his fast and speedy process in handover of 1100 acres of land.

Inside Look at State of Gujarat & TATA’s on inking the Deal.

  • A good statesmanship by Chief Minister of Gujarat
  • He has confessed that :
  • - his state has Industrial Map ready (Which played a major role in bringing nano to his state).
  • - he always engaged in discussion with land owners and opposition for preparing better industrial map for the state throughout the year.
  • State able to transfer whole 1100 acres of land to TATAs in 2days of effort.

To conclude this, our state heads must prepare the better industrial map for their states to woo large FDIs in their state.

Thank you

Sushanta Kabi

Thursday, September 18, 2008


The Continual nature of recent terrorist strikes at various Indian Cities is forcing Government of India to strengthen and restructure its Anti Terror laws and efforts to protect the people of India against invisible enemies.

Has anything changed after 5 serial blasts on Saturday (9/13) at New Delhi??

  • Home ministry of India shouted that they are aware of the possible terrorist strike in such cities, but they failed to capitalize on the ground in real time (at zero hours).
  • Investigating Agencies confirmed that “Terror Pattern” is similar to the last four blasts and similar chemical agents used in the preparation of bombs.
  • Intelligence agencies suspect the involvement same terrorist outfit behind all the attacks.
  • Home ministry repeated the same version of words (what he is used to use after any terror blasts) to the Press “Who ever is involved in carrying out the blast will be punished under law of the land”.
  • Our politicians started blaming each other‘s failure.
  • State Police claimed to capture the one of the Mastermind of the blasts and bet on solving the case soon.

Are all these above statements really ensure us that we are now protected?

I doubt. The government of India is really in a need to change in approach to terror.

Change; The Government of India needs:

- Need to ensure that the baseline information is accurate to provide situational awareness.

- Intelligence agencies need to be more successful in obtaining the background information on mission, critical information on threat potential.

- Needs more Coordination between state investigating agencies. May be a formation of “a national federal agency “to deal with terror issues.

- Implementation of high end GIS & Mapping initiative. The Majority of information required for Emergency Management and Home land Security is spatial. Once the base data is collected, GIS & mapping initiative becomes extremely helpful in visualizing the necessaries to be developed.

o Threat Assessment and Planning
o Vulnerability Assessment
o Protection Strategies & preparedness
o Response
o Recovery

- (Just to remember) Government of India came out successfully in Kargil War (Operation – Vijay) with an aid of high end GIS & Mapping initiative.

Thank you.
Sushanta Kabi